Johannessen, Jon-Arild,

Automation, innovation and work : the impact of technological, economic, and social singularity / Jon-Arild Johannessen. - 1 online resource

Cover -- Half Title -- Series Information -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Table of contents -- List of Figures -- Prologue -- Part I Technological and economic singularity -- 1 Technological singularity -- Introduction -- Super-intelligent robots -- Moral intelligence -- Brain engineering -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 2 Economic singularity -- Introduction -- Full automation -- Mass unemployment -- Universal basic income, and earning a living from short-term projects -- Living for free -- A more in-depth exploration of scenario 2040 -- Production -- Distribution -- Consumption Capital -- Competence -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part II Social singularity -- 3 AI network -- Introduction -- Social robotics and artificial emotions -- Various types of social robots -- The future is created by seeds sown in the past -- Empathetic robots -- Artificial relationships -- Social robots: Two scenarios -- Scenario I -- Scenario II -- Agora robots and agora informats: a revolutionary innovation -- Big data -- "Neutral" algorithms -- "Objective" science -- "True" political action -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part III Institutional innovations 4 Democracy as the people's institution -- Introduction -- Democracy and capitalism2 -- Political and economic democracy -- Social justice -- True democracy -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 5 Social singularity and work -- Introduction -- Intelligent robots -- Artificial intelligence and humans -- Two scenarios: human and artificial intelligence -- Scenario 1: everyone adapts to the new technology, resulting in harmonious development -- Scenario 2: the rapid change in the development of new technology leads to continual chaos with staccato behaviour -- Implications -- The good working life The positive aspects of technology development -- The global brain: informats -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 6 Singularity and education -- Introduction -- New educational technology -- The universities'curricula -- New teaching models -- Conclusion -- Note -- References -- 7 Singularity and the universities of the future -- Introduction -- Contextualization of teaching -- Megatrends -- A growing elderly population -- Urbanization -- Info-structure -- Turbulence and complexity ahead -- New organizational logic -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Appendix: Process pedagogy -- Index

"Artificial intelligence will not necessarily create a super-intelligent "human robot", however, it is very probable that intelligent robots and intelligent informats will bring about a form of super-globalization, in which money and goods are prioritized over people and democracy and where the widespread use of casual labour; that is, short-term contracts, will become the most common form of employment relationship. It is also very likely that artificial intelligence will bring about what is known as singularity. This term is used to describe a situation where intelligent robots, from a rational and logical perspective, are smarter than humans, i.e. the development of AI. This book explores the impact that these intelligent robots and intelligent informats will have on social and societal development. The author tackles the question of singularity from three distinct standpoints: technological singularity - the intelligence of machines compared to that of humans - which he argues will bring about a qualitatively new labour market; economic singularity - the consequences for work relationships, value creation and employment - which he asserts will promote full automation, result in precarious contracts with low salaries, and, in some countries, possibly lead to the introduction of a universal basic income; and social singularity - the consequences of technological and economic singularity for democratic processes, bureaucratic procedures for exercising authority and control, and the direction in which society will develop, in addition to the emergence of new social institutions - which Johannessen says will promote a transition from representative democracy to genuine democracy. The book will appeal to academics, researchers and students of economic sociology and political economy, as well as those focusing upon the emerging innovation economy. It will also find an audience among professionals and policymakers keen to understand the impact the Fourth Industrial Revolution will have on organizations, individuals and society at large"--

9781003032854 1003032850 9781000051551 1000051552 9781000051582 1000051587 9781000051612 1000051617

Employees--Effect of automation on.
Artificial intelligence--Social aspects.
Singularities (Artificial intelligence)--Social aspects.
Precarious employment.
Automation--Economic aspects.
Employment forecasting.
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Industries / Computer Industry
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Economic Conditions


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